Some say: the civilization of Yemen were reflected in architecture. And this saying that Sanaa would be the coolest Guide to building public Islamic cities were marked by their architectural character returns in the pre-Islamic and Islamic globalized style Arabic Islamic architecture.
Talk about Sanaa may be on the great wall, or the giant old gate, or great houses and unique patterns and markets raises her visitor's surprise, and the hustle of the paintings that lack tall, lined the streets and markets of the whole natural history museum is open most of the world, combined with a safe-deposit box, and mosques, and lunettes.
Sanaa, capital of Yemen and the country's capital, as he called the happy Greece, historians and bride of the Arabic Peninsula.
Sana'a via times
Having known several names, most famously: "Sam city relative to its founder Sam son of Prophet Noah (peace be upon him), which he built after the flood, also known as" removed "the" removed "grandson" live bin Sam bin Noah, "and still I name known, this label contained in the Torah.
And more common names "Sana'a", meaning strong city, said: it is up to the quality of the industry itself famous for its markets and shops, as saying "Belle".
The name Sanaa Yemeni engravings of old, and the oldest such inscriptions dating back to the first century AD, as mentioned in the inscriptions also mention limited historical famous "ghamdan".
It was "a Nawas" last King of State hamiria has taken the capital of Queen in the early 6th century AD, as well as make it Al-Ahbash who invaded Yemen and they ruled from 525 m-575 m. And which built Abraha its famous as "alklis", which are still so far to replace the Kaaba in Mecca. Abraha was went to Mecca, as is well known, to demolish the Kaaba across the road known as the "trail of owners of the elephant".
In a succession of ages Sanaa city or capital, and was one of the Arabs before Islam, seasonal markets, such as: "icarly," and "Domat Al-Jandal," and "abandonment", and "Eden", and "soldiers". It was an important station on the trade route through the Yemeni plateau that replaced the ancient frankincense route was from Aden through Yemen to Mecca known as "the happiest trail".
Is Sanaa the Yemeni plateau between the mountain Centre "shortcomings" and "we" at an altitude of about 2200 m above sea level, its climate is mild in summer cold in winter.
Live picture of the city
The most important sights and monuments in old Sana'a: "Castle ghamdan", the "great mosque", is the oldest and largest mosques in the old city, built to the days of the Prophet (PBUH), and is generally considered one of the oldest mosques in Islam, and features a number of engraved stones and columns and column headers that were transferred from the Castle or ghamdan ancient temples, as well as in old Sana'a about 50 mosques with minarets.
And where markets are shops on the ground floor, open to the street, where manufactures are sold silver and gold and silk and wood, along with agricultural products, and each type of Commerce or industry niche market.
And agencies (brokers) scattered around the market in trade and storage, cargo owners, some of which was used as the banks of the silver and gold exchange.
SANAA houses retain the architectural character of the original score in any Arab or Islamic City.
In old Sana'a (about 14,000) fourteen thousand houses in one place, estimated the age of some of the more than five hundred years. Can walk around on the streets of Sanaa that goes from the middle of the city in "cow market" km in any direction without a look at the construction of a modern, Western-style.
Old Sana'a houses is characterized by high, where most high to nine or eight innings and average five roles, and used the ground floor as stores, and out of the cattle, the first where the Sai (room or lounge events).
The second role for women, children, and senior roles unique to men, is released (from watching) at the top of the House, a rectangular room with wide Windows allow sitting there watching the fields and orchards, and its Windows are usually made of wood topped with decades of plaster (gypsum) stained with stained glass in forms and patterns very beauty and creativity.
Architecture and identity
One of the advantages of Sana'a houses resemble the layout of largely in terms of internal divisions and units and their functions, and are characterized by the use of stone in building basics and the ground and first floors to bear the pressure from the upper floors, as well as resistance to humidity and flooding due to heavy rains, Yemen, and designing interfaces for the role of the movement of the Sun.
And the old city is divided into quarters (districts) each group of houses, with Grove as an outlet and a source of vegetables.
SANAA had an impenetrable wall, fortified towers and some parts still exist, and had four main gates are closed every night after Isha prayer to the morning, and still for Yemen at its best.
This old Sana'a became the property of humanity and concern for its specialized international organizations, UNESCO declared it a world biosphere reserve where, and formed an International Commission for the conservation of and supported many projects, schools, technical institutes, which aims to produce professionals in the preservation of the identity of the city and its origin.
UNESCO has renovated some of the houses fell down the façades by erosion, and was for the streets with stones in the international campaign to protect old Sana'a.
For its part, the Government of Yemen law prohibits distorting the city concrete buildings.
Therefore it was no surprise that old Sana'a is chosen among the top twenty-five archaeological landmark and tourist attraction in the world from which to choose the new seven wonders